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The area of responsibility of UNMOGIP is along the Line of Control (separating the Pakistan- and Indian-administered regions of Kashmir) and the Working Boundary (separating the Indian-administered Kashmir and Pakistan).UNMOGIP reports to the UN Secretary-General, through the Department of Peacekeeping Operations at the UN headquarters, all activities and developments that can impact the ceasefire and/or the mandate implementation.

As part of the 1949 Karachi Agreement, the Mission also has the mandate to investigate and report on alleged ceasefire violations complaints lodged by one of the parties. Based on information collected on the ground, the Chief Military Observer-Head of Mission may also decide to initiate an investigation.